The U.S. Senate will begin debate on immigration reform after a strong majority from both parties voted to begin the discussion earlier Tuesday in a vote 82-15.

The bill will allow illegal immigrants to change their status and apply to become a Registered Provisional Immigrant.

They'll have to pay a penalty, pay any back taxes, learn English, and won't be eligible for any federal benefits.

It's a list of provisions that has some in the legal field worried.

"I think that it's going to create a second class of people, people who are here with possibly a work permit but without legal permanent residence....Which I think will be problematic in the future because those people may then have to file suit against the government because they're not going to be treated the same as everyone else,” said immigration lawyer Anthony Maturano.

So where does the U.S. stand when it comes to immigration and similar policies?

"In Switzerland, parents have to be born in Switzerland to give citizenship to their child and here you don't have to do that, if you were born in the United State's you're automatically a U.S. Citizen," said Maturano.

Great Britain has recently proposed to force private landlords to check the immigration status of their tenants as well as deport any foreigners who've committed serious crimes.

On the other side of the spectrum there are countries like Sweden whose open door policy on immigration has been blamed on a number of recent riots throughout the country.

"I don't think it's perfect anywhere, I think that we could make this work but when you have a number of visas for family members and it takes 20 years to bring your child over, there's something wrong with that," said Maturano.

Lawmakers hope to have a Senate vote on immigration reform by the end of June.