Blasts, Secret Service incident overshadow start of Colombia summit
Heads of state gather for Summit of the Americas
The United States has "never been more excited" to work as equal partners with countries in Latin America, President Barack Obama said Saturday at the Summit of the Americas.
Such promises by U.S. presidents -- Obama included -- have been made before, but the remarks was nonetheless applauded by an audience of business leaders.
The president presented an upbeat assessment of hemispheric relations, touting a 46% increase in trade between the United States and Latin American and Caribbean countries.
"The hemisphere is very well positioned in the global economy," he said.
Obama addressed the business leaders alongside Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff, who asked the hemisphere's economies be treated as equals, and Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos, who said he welcomed a "change of mentality."
The president arrived in the Colombian coastal resort city Friday, a visit that will mark the most time a U.S. president has spent in that country, where security concerns had limited previous presidential trips.
But separate security incidents -- one involving bomb blasts and the other involving the Secret Service -- overshadowed the start of the sixth Summit of the Americas.
Within hours of arriving, Secret Service members traveling with the president were relieved of duty and replaced, said Edwin Donovan, an agency spokesman.
Roughly a dozen Secret Service agents and officers are being investigated over early findings that they allegedly brought back several prostitutes to a hotel in Cartagena, two U.S. government sources familiar the investigation, told CNN.
Separately, two small blasts occurred nearly back-to-back in Cartagena.
The explosions, one near a bus station and another near a shopping mall, occurred well away from where the world leaders were gathering for the start of the summit, said Alberto Cantihho Toncell, a spokesman for the Colombia National Police.
There were no casualties, and only minor damage was reported, Toncell said.
The explosions came on the heels of a similar one earlier in the day near the U.S. Embassy in the capital city of Bogota, authorities said.
The blasts were a reminder of the violence that has gripped Colombia on-and-off as it battled powerful cocaine drug cartels. Violence has significantly fallen off in recent years as the Bogota government, aided by U.S. extradition efforts, has successfully picked apart the cartels.
Regional security, particularly the high price being paid in the drug war across Latin America, was expected to top the agenda for the leaders.
At a recent meeting at the White House with the leaders of Mexico and Canada, Obama was blunt about the ongoing threat in a region where some leaders believe the drug war is failing.
In an interview Friday with Colombia-based Caracol Television, Obama said he did not believe the answer was to legalize drugs, a consideration among some countries.
"I respect the fact that governments here are feeling very challenged by this, and what I want to do is have a constructive conversation about how we can partner with countries to solve that problem," he said.
"But I think it's a mistake to think that there is a silver bullet out there and that somehow legalization diminishes the broader challenge."
While en route to Colombia, Obama announced the development of the Small Business Network of the Americas, which he said would help businesses gain access to markets south of the U.S. border.
But the agenda at the summit may be driven by other concerns that have long been debated by Latin American leaders.
Cuba, which is not a member of the Organization of American States, has not been invited to join the leaders, though there was a last minute move by Ecuador's leftist President Rafael Correa to get Cuban leader Raul Castro a seat at the table.
Correa's threat to organize a boycott with other leaders in the Bolivian Alliance (Venezuela, Bolivia and Nicaragua) led to intense diplomatic efforts behind the scenes. Inviting Castro could have caused problems for Obama, who is in an election year.
Obama told Caracol Television that what is preventing Cuba from being a "full member of the international community is not the United States of America," but rather Cuba's own policies.
"This remains a profoundly anti-democratic, authoritarian state," Obama said.
Colombian officials were aware of the potential fallout in this case, so the country's foreign minister was dispatched to Cuba. Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos flew to Cuba to meet with Castro.
Those meetings effectively ended the dispute, but Ecuador's Correa was angry. He fired off a letter to Santos criticizing the denial of Cuba's participation as "intolerable."
Then he boycotted the summit, even though the other leaders who had supported his appeal said they would attend.
During the previous summit three years ago in Port of Spain, Trinidad, Obama had an uncomfortable encounter with Hugo Chavez, when the Venezuelan leader handed him a book critical of the United States and Europe.
Chavez's attendance over the weekend remained uncertain Friday night, when he told Venezuelan National Television, "In reality, that won't be decided by me, but by the doctors."
In recent months, Chavez has been undergoing treatment in Havana for cancer.
Asked during the interview with Caracol Television whether the United States viewed Venezuela as a threat, the president was measured:
"We don't see Venezuela as a threat to the United States. I think that Venezuela has at times thrown its weight around in the neighborhood in ways that are destructive," he said.
"We don't think that the Venezuelan people have been served by rhetoric and, you know, the undermining of democratic institutions, the prevention of free speech or the fact that it's more difficult for the opposition to organize. We want the people of Latin America and the Caribbean to determine their own destiny."
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