Local foreign policy expert breaks down Iran nuclear deal

Posted: 6:25 PM EST Nov 24, 2013

A day after Iran and six World Powers reached an agreement concerning nuclear regulations and sanction reductions, experts are breaking down the nuts and bolts of the deal.

Muhlenberg College Political Science Professor Chris Herrick said the deal is temporary. The six-month deal is an interim plan, while diplomats work on a more permanent agreement, he explained.

Herrick calls it a trial run and confidence builder, as international leaders look to improve trust with Iran.

Herrick said the talks emerged over concern regarding how Iran would regulate its nuclear weaponry.

"There is every reason to believe India is a stable nuclear power…and in turn, Iran would not be…There is some concern that Iran would not have adequate control over nuclear weapons they produce," Herrick said.

On Saturday, diplomats agreed to a deal that lowers sanctions on Iran and allows foreign countries to act as a watchdog over Iran's nuclear development.

"A small proportion of the sanctions will be lessened not removed, and could be re-institutionalized relatively quickly. Iran has agreed they will freeze their enrichment process, and potentially downgrade some of the uranium they already have enriched," Herrick said.

Herrick said the benefit for Iran revolves around economic opportunity. The country currently faces a double digit unemployment rate. International sanctions aren't helping.

"Sanctions are crippling and eroding to the point where their economy will be in a free fall," Herrick said.

The agreement also allows foreign powers to regularly check on Iran's uranium productivity.

"Verification is the key. President Obama and I said from the beginning we're not going to verify, we're going to verify and verify and verify," said John Kerry, U.S. Secretary of State.

"The known sites can and will be visited, potentially, on a daily basis," Herrick said.

Herrick believes it's in Iran's best interest to adhere to the agreement.

"The likelihood of Iranians adhering to it is actually relatively high," Herrick said.

According to Herrick, Iran could face more and stricter sanctions if it strays from the deal arrangements.

"If Iran were to now renege on the deal, not follow through, or cheat on the enrichment process, it would become much easier for the U.S. to re-establish slightly diminished sanctions and increase the severity and maybe even bring in more countries," Herrick said.