On this day: August 20

Published: Aug 19 2012 03:46:11 AM EDT   Updated On: Aug 20 2014 02:00:00 AM EDT

Charles Darwin publishes his theory of evolution, the NFL is founded, Lou Gehrig belts his 23rd career grand slam and NASA heads for Mars, all on this day.

OTD August 20 - Elmore Leonard
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ElmoreLeonard.com

2013: Author Elmore Leonard, best known for his westerns and crime novels, several of which have been turned into movies and TV shows, dies at age 87 in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, of complications from a stroke suffered three weeks earlier. Among his most well-known books are "Get Shorty," "Out of Sight," "3:10 to Yuma," "Rum Punch" (the basis for Quentin Tarantino's "Jackie Brown") and "Pronto," which introduced the character of U.S. Marshal Raylan Givens, the central figure in the FX television series "Justified."

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    Orion Pictures

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    The first parachute jump takes place, "Pretty Boy" Floyd is gunned down, football meets television, The Supremes top the charts, and "First Blood" dominates the box office, all on this day.