On this day: January 27

Published: Jan 27 2014 12:55:23 AM EST   Updated On: Jan 27 2014 02:00:00 AM EST

Mozart is born, Auschwitz is liberated, Elvis releases "Heartbreak Hotel," tragedy claims the crew of Apollo 1, Michael Jackson's hair catches fire, and Steve Jobs unveils the iPad, all on this day.

OTD January 27 - Pope Clement VI
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PHGCOM/Wikimedia Commons

1343: Pope Clement VI issues the papal bull Unigenitus Dei filius to justify the power of the pope and the use of indulgences. Nearly 200 years later, Martin Luther would protest this with his "Ninety-Five Theses," sparking the Reformation.

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    Charles Darwin returns home, Gandhi is born, "Peanuts" is published for the first time, Thurgood Marshall becomes the first black justice on the Supreme Court, and the Beltway sniper attacks begin, all on this day.