On this day: January 4

Published: Jan 03 2013 06:04:16 PM EST   Updated On: Jan 04 2013 02:00:00 AM EST

Billboard publishes its first music chart, Sputnik falls to Earth, The Beatles record together for the last time, and Nancy Pelosi becomes the first female speaker of the House, all on this day.

OTD January 4 - Isaac Newton
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National Portrait Gallery, London

1643: Scientist and mathematician Isaac Newton, who has been considered by many to be the greatest and most influential scientist who ever lived, is born in Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth, Lincolnshire, England. Newton described universal gravitation and the three laws of motion, which dominated the scientific view of the physical universe for the next three centuries.

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