On this day: January 8

Published: Jan 07 2013 06:18:42 PM EST   Updated On: Jan 08 2015 02:00:00 AM EST

George Washington delivers the first State of the Union, Elvis is born, 14-year-old Bobby Fischer wins his first U.S. Chess Championships, and a gunman shoots Gabrielle Giffords and 18 others in Arizona, all on this day.

OTD January 8 - Giffords shooting scene
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SearchNet Media/Wikimedia Commons

2011: A week into her third term, U.S. Rep. Gabrielle Giffords, D-Ariz., is shot by Jared Lee Loughner at a supermarket near Tucson, Arizona, where she was meeting publicly with constituents. Giffords was critically injured by a gunshot wound to the head, with 12 others injured and six killed in the shooting, including federal judge John Roll, Gifford staffer Gabe Zimmerman and 9-year-old Christina-Taylor Green. Giffords would later be brought to a rehabilitation facility in Houston, Texas, where she recovered some of her ability to walk, speak, read and write. She resigned from office in January 2012 to focus on her recovery. Loughner would initially be found incompetent to stand trial based on a diagnosis of paranoid schizophrenia but was eventually judged competent after treatment. He pleaded guilty to 19 counts and in November 2012 was sentenced to life in prison.

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