Supporters of tighter federal gun restrictions moved quickly this week during the first day of the new Congress. Ten bills dealing with gun control were among the first introduced in the 113th Congress. All but two of the measures introduced by House lawmakers advocated for more restrictions on firearms.
In the wake of last month's deadly mass shooting in Newtown, Connecticut lawmakers are poised for a long and contentious fight over the shape of the nation's gun laws. Despite other similar massacres Congress has not passed any significant gun-related regulations in six years. Now there are 10 that could become law.
The first would ban anyone in the US from owning, buying or trading high capacity ammunition clips. Gunmen using these can fire off as many as 100 rounds without stopping to re-load.
The second bill requires gun buyers to undergo a full background check. Right now guns bought at gun shows are exempt from background check requirements that are mandatory for other gun sales.
Number three is called the Fix Gun Checks Act, it would create incentives and penalties to encourage the entry of names not in the national background check system.
The fourth bill would make it mandatory for all ammunition dealers to be licensed to sell. It would also require anyone buying bullets to do it in person and not over the Internet.
The next one would require every handgun sold in the US to be licensed and registered, without any exceptions or loopholes.
Number six aims to create a unified system of gun licensing procedures for handguns and semiautomatic weapons. It would also require gun safety training for all gun owners.
The seventh bill would make it illegal to own a handgun before turning 21.
The eighth bill also seeks to close the gun show loophole by requiring all gun owners to undergo background checks. It would also make sure gun owners are required to report stolen weapons.
The last two bills both propose more guns in schools. They want to eliminate gun free school zones.
Several of these bills are expected to have Senate versions introduced later this month. The White House is likely to issue its plan for gun-related legislation by the 15th.
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