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What is climate?

Climate is the average weather conditions usually taken over a 30-year time period at a particular place over a long period of time.

It is the long-term predictable state of the atmosphere that is affected by physical features such as mountains, rivers, positioning of the globe, plateaus, deserts, depressions and much more.

The major elements of weather and climate are: temperature, air pressure, wind, precipitation, relative humidity, and sunshine.

These elements help people to describe the conditions of weather and climate.

Climate of different places are given names such as Temperate, Arid, Cold, Dry, Tundra, Tropical, Equatorial, Mediterranean, Savanna, etc.

Climate is not the same as weather, but rather, it is the average pattern of weather for a particular region.

Weather describes the short-term state of the atmosphere.


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